HAYEF: Journal of Education
Research Articles

Predictive Power of Prosocial Behaviors of Mothers and Their Parental Attitudes on 48- to 72-Month-Old Children’s Prosocial Behaviors


Unit Manager, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Yuvamız Istanbul Children Activity Center, Istanbul, Türkiye


Assoc. Prof. Dr., Department of Primary Education, Preschool Education Program, Bursa Uludag University, Faculty of Education, Bursa, Türkiye

HAYEF: Journal of Education 2023; 20: 170-176
DOI: 10.5152/hayef.2023.46
Read: 396 Downloads: 160 Published: 01 May 2023

This research is carried out to determine the predictive status of parental attitudes and prosocial behaviors of mothers and the age variable on 48- to 72-monthold children’s prosocial behaviors. For this purpose “Personal Information Form” in which demographic information of the sample takes place, “Child Prosocialness Scale—Mother and Teacher Form”, “Adult Prosocialness Scale—Mother Form” and “Parent Attitude Scale” were utilized. The sample of the research consists of 198 preschool children, who study in independent kindergarten and official nursery classes, in the central province of Bursa and the mothers and teachers of these children. According to the results of the research, it was determined that the gender variable did not indicate any difference regarding the prosociality of children. In addition, it was observed that the duration of preschool education did not have any effect on child prosociality. Unlike the results of these findings, it was revealed that the age variable indicated a significant difference regarding the prosocial scores of children in favor of the 60- to 72-month-old group. Pearson Correlation Analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between child prosocialness, mother, and teacher form sub-dimensions of parental attitude, adult prosocialness, child’s gender, and age variable. Among the scales and sub-dimensions, it was determined that age, adult prosocialness, and authoritarian attitude were related to child prosocialness. A multiple hierarchical regression model was conducted in order to determine to what extent the variables affect child prosocialness, considering these four dimensions that are related. As a result of the research, the authoritarian attitude, adult’s prosocialness, and age-predicted child’s prosocialness were determined.

Cite this article as: Çubukçu, A., & Bağçeli Kahraman, P. (2023). Predictive power of prosocial behaviors of mothers and their parental attitudes on 48- to 72-month-old children’s prosocial behaviors. HAYEF: Journal of Education, 20(2), 170-176.

EISSN 2602-4829