HAYEF: Journal of Education
Research Articles

Group Metacognition Scale in Turkish: Validity and Reliability Study


Department of Computer and Instructional Technology, University-Cerrahpaşa, Faculty of Hasan Ali Yücel Education, İstanbul, Türkiye


İstanbul University, Faculty of Distance and Open Education, İstanbul, Türkiye

HAYEF: Journal of Education 2023; 20: 128-136
DOI: 10.5152/hayef.2023.50
Read: 445 Downloads: 173 Published: 01 May 2023

The study aims to adapt to Turkish and analyze the validity and reliability of the metacognition of group processes in online learning The original scale consists of 20 items and 4 sub-dimensions. Metacognitive skills are commonly modeled in these sub-dimensions in the literature. The scale adapted to Turkish was applied to 288 students at the Education Faculty of a state University. Participants studied and finalized a project in an online collaborative learning model for a semester. The sub-dimensions of the original scale are knowledge of cognition, planning, monitoring, and evaluating. The construct validity of the adapted scale in the sample was analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Twenty items with four sub-dimensional structure of group metacognition scale was preserved in the results of CFA and the model had an acceptable fit with the data. (χ2 = 522.4, df = 164, p < .01, comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.92, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.09, Tucker–Lewis index (TLI)Non-normed Fit Index = 0.91, standardized root mean square residuals (SRMR)= 0.05). The composite reliability coefficient of the scale varied between 0.90 and 0.91 in each sub-dimension, which is sufficiently reliable. Findings showed that the adapted Turkish group metacognition scale was comparable to Turkish culture, and the scale could be utilized in this adapted form.

Cite this article as: Ağır, A., & Tosun, S. (2023). Group metacognition scale in Turkish: Validity and reliability study. HAYEF: Journal of Education, 20(2), 128-136.

EISSN 2602-4829