HAYEF: Journal of Education
Research Articles

Development of Workforce Agility Scale for Academic Staff: Validity and Reliability Studies


Turkish Educational Association, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Educational Sciences, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

HAYEF: Journal of Education 2023; 20: 74-84
DOI: 10.5152/hayef.2023.38
Read: 1624 Downloads: 721 Published: 07 February 2023

Higher educational institutions need agile academic staff to respond to environmental changes and transformations proactively. However, the literature lacks studies that tend to examine the agility levels of academic staff or develop a data collection tool for the agility levels of academic staff. In this regard, this study aims to develop a workforce agility scale specific to academic staff by considering Turkish culture and structure of higher educational institutions in Turkey. The literature on workforce agility and opinions of academic staff guided the scale’s item writing process. Validity and reliability studies of the scale were conducted on a sample of 590 academic staff. The results of the exploratory factor analysis revealed that the workforce agility scale consists of 5 dimensions (adaptability, growth orientation, competence, future orientation, and resilience) and 32 items. Then, this five-dimensional structure of the scale was tested with confirmatory factor analysis and confirmed. Lastly, McDonald’s omega (ω) and Cronbach’s alpha (α) coefficients were calculated to investigate the scale’s reliability. The McDonald’s omega was found to be 0.967 and the Cronbach’s alpha was found to be 0.964. As a result of these calculations, it was decided that the workforce agility scale, which was developed in this study, is a valid and reliable scale.

Corresponding Author: Beyza HİMMETOĞLU, E-mail: [email protected] Cite this article as: Himmetoğlu, B., & Bayrak, C. (2023). Development of workforce agility scale for academic staff: Validity and reliability studies. HAYEF: Journal of Education, 20(1), 74-84.

EISSN 2602-4829